Commute efficiency is one of the main concerns regarding innovative development to work around the fact that, even though carbon emissions has decreased in several key areas, transportation still keeps it rating on the rise. And to add an important set of solutions, the internet of things (IoT) engages smart mobility at the heart of the cities' main transformations demand.
What is the Internet of Things?
The concept of Internet of Things is broad and constantly evolving. Briefly, it is possible to define the IoT as the interconnectivity of several different physical devices, sensors, actions and other tools to either provide information and/or perform activities connected to the internet.
The possibilities are countless when we consider the technologies employing the internet of things that already exist and are extensively used in our daily lives, like traffic and carpooling apps, that gather localisation and speed of mutual users to define traffic jams, set travel time and best possible routes.
IoT may also work at your wrist while you give your smartwatch several data about your movement, pulse rating, average speed, contacts, localisation and some many other data that allow it to define your preferences and customise various activities to improve your daily productivity. The entire concept is fascinating and has been taken as a promising factor in the future of cities.
The IoT and smart cities
The internet is prone to become the nervous system of cities due to its ability to connect several different sources and store – each more efficiently – an incredible amount of data. This could be employed for a series of important decision-making scenarios based on reliable information.
Smart cities are the state of art of IoT usage. Constantly seeking for efficiency and safety, sensors may gather a variety of data, from air humidity to noise levels, tracking energy consumption of buildings, improving street surveillance and automating many activities in order to save energy and making resources more stable and accessible.
This type of structure may be able to learn along the way as it gather different sorts of data and become more and more sophisticated over time, increasing artificial intelligence and automation of its functions to an optimised level.
And where do smart cities take us to? There are different purposes for the increasing level of integration. Part of this is natural due to the technical level of our daily devices and data intelligence demands for business intelligence and personal use, but it's cutting edge works to increase performance and the management of limited resources.
The concept of smart mobility
Increasing performance and managing limited resources both have much to do with decreasing the excess of obstruction and especially pollution. And city commutation has a lot to do with both.
While the rate of pollution emission is decreasing and the energy optimisation is increasing in the industry and the people's daily life as an overall, the commute cost is every day higher, not simply in economic matters, but environmentally too.
There are several ways IoT could improve these matters aligned to other strategies to make the concept of smart mobility a reality.
Reducing energy consumption
Most of the cars are still fuel-based, demanding petrol extraction, that could cause environmental accidents and considerable damages to the ozone layer when consumed by vehicles.
The first way the Internet of Things could improve energy efficiency is improving traffic flow. This could be done by managing the rapidly-changing traffic patterns, allowing drivers to check the best possibilities in real time, avoiding fuel consumption while stuck in endless and pointless jams.
Real time monitoring could bring important hints via drivers' smartphones and even smart traffic signs and lights. The more cars could become connected and interact with its surroundings, providing data and reacting to the environment, the safer and effective they will become.
Public transportation provides a key service regarding the increasing commute rate, decreasing traffic volume and fuel consumption, allowing high-grade technologies to be developed joining public and private sectors.
This type of transportation could be constantly improved to be fully connected, becoming able to undergo multiple optimisation changes to provide the best experience for users and to keep learning from their patterns, helping managers to understand peak hours, amount of users and several other informations.
Such informations could be meaningful to adapt the flux of services as well as decrease the waste of energy.
Electric cars and autonomous vehicles
Electric cars usually are assembled containing devices that are able to increase their connectivity with the environment, which could improve both the user experience and the machine learning smart city devices.
EV Chargers are easier and practical solutions to provide energy, since they could be set in different locations and even moved around the city by fleets to assist drivers.
The trackability of these cars and their consumption pattern provides the perfect set of features smart cities need to deal with transportation.
Autonomous vehicles are another important improvement of electric vehicles, since they would be entirely connected to the traffic network. This way, they're becoming safer and dynamic as a means of public carpooling for any situation, improving safety of the citizen in the need to move around the city and also decreasing the rate of accidents.
Electric vehicles could be improved, updated and become integrated to the transport networks, decreasing the rate of obsolescense from an industry with an enormous consumption and pollution rate, as well as decreasing the use of fossil fuels, that are the main villains in the greenhouse effect.
These solutions are scalable to reach other main issues, such as logistics. Our solutions for smart cities on the road to a zero-emission society. You can check ZPN Energy's webpage to take a closer look in our mission and technologies and bookmark our blog to check news and insights on smart and sustainable technologies.